The development of physical attributes in young players

Image

Chart indicating the various phases at witch different athletic attributes should be developed in young players

(Based on Martin, 1982)

age

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

Co-ordination

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Aerobic capacity

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Aerobic power

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Speed

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Strength

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Suppleness

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ge 10-12

Improvement of co-ordination skills, preparation and basic learning

Energy sources

Aerobic – anaerobic (lactic – a lactic)

 

strength

speed

suppleness

Co-ordination

·         Building up basic endurance

·         Aerobic endurance (aerobic capacity)

 

No aerobic work

 

 

 

 

·         General muscle toning with body weight

Muscle strengthening especially of the upper body.

·         Work on reaction speed (with the ball)

·         Exercises over short distances

·         Frequency of movement

Games.

Competitions with the ball.

·         Generalized training

·         Spinal column mobility

·         Dynamic exercises

·         Work on suppleness with the ball

·         Acquiring basic co-ordination skills

·         Expanding the range of movements/ gestures (variety of movements)

·         Running exercises, circuits to train co-ordination

Age 13-15

Training of basic physical and co-ordination skills

Energy sources

Aerobic – anaerobic (lactic – a lactic)

 

strength

speed

suppleness

Co-ordination

·      Increase of aerobic endurance work (aerobic capacity)

·         Start of anaerobic   a lactic work

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

·         Muscle strengthening by weight  training using light loads

·         High and low jumps and multi – jumps

·         Learning of different  movements

·      Speed training

– Reaction speed

– Speed of execution

·         Running exercises

·         Integrated speed training

Competitions, running against the clock

·  Period of morphological development

·  Maintaining of suppleness

·Young players must avoid overtaxing themselves (by stretching muscles too much)

·Specific wok both with and without the ball

·      Consolidation of what has been learned

·      Work on expanding the range of movements

  There is a loss in co-ordination as a result of morphological development

·      Separate and integrated training

Age 16-19

Specific training and development – tailoring the work to individual needs

Energy sources

Aerobic – anaerobic (lactic – a lactic)

 

strength

speed

suppleness

Co-ordination

·      Development of aerobic power (AP) and maximum aerobic power (MAP)

·      Development of the lactic anaerobic pathway

 

·  Increasing strength

·Work to achieve explosiveness (muscular power)

·Gradual increase of loads

·Multi – jumps (plyometric)

·      A lactic and lactic speed work

·      Endurance speed work with active breaks between exercises

·      Movement sequences and play combinations performed at speed

Game with 1V1 duels

·Maintaining suppleness

·Longer passive stretching exercises

·Dynamic exercises

·      Co-ordination skills can still be improved at this stage

·      Development of sequences (adaptation, guidance)

·      Integrated training

About giorgispapageorgiou19
physicals education teacher - football coach

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